Chuvashia is situated in the east of the East European Plain, between the Sura and the Sviyaga, tributaries of the Volga. It has the area of 18,300 sq. km; its population amounted as of the beginning of 2009 to 1.2 million, 57% of which resided in towns and cities.
The Kirov Region was established in 1936. Its area amounts to 120 thousand sq. km, its population to 1.413 million, 72% of which live in the towns and cities. Besides the Russians, who are the majority in the region, there also live the Tatars, the Gipsy, the Komi, and others.
Nizhny Novgorod Region
The Nizhny Novgorod Region is situated in the central part of the Russian Federation. It was established in 1929. Its area is 76,900 sq. km, and its population – 3.340 million, of which almost 80% are living in towns and cities.
The Orenburg Region was established in 1934. Its area is 124 thousand sq. km, its population amounts to about 2 million, 57% of which live in towns and cities. The majority of the population is the Russian; the region also has large Kazakh, Tatar, and Bashkir communities.
The Penza Region is situated in the Middle Volga Area, bordering on the Ulyanovsk Region, the Saratov Region, the Tambov Region, the Ryazan Region, and Marij El. Its area amounts to 43,200 sq. km, its population to 1.388 million of inhabitants belonging to over 100 nationalities.
The Perm Territory was established not long ago, in 2005. Its area is 160,000 sq. km, its population – about 3 million. The territory is situated in the Moscow +2 time zone. 71% of its territory is covered with forests. Both plains and mountainous relief are represented in the territory of the Territory.
Bashkortostan was established in 1919. Its area is 142 thousand sq. km, its population – 4.6 million. It lies in the Moscow +2 time zone.
Marij El is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Its area amounts to 23 thousand sq km, its population to 700 thousand.
Mordovia was established in 1930. It is a part of the Volga Federal District. Its area is 26 thousand sq. km, its population – 833 thousand, of which 60% live in towns and cities. There are many ethnic Tatars on the territory; 46 Tatar residential places, schools, and a newspaper exist. The official languages are the Russian, the Moksha, and the Erzya.
Tatarstan is a part of the Volga Federal District. Its area is 68 thousand sq. km, its population – 3.7 million. Both the Christianity and the Islam are confessed in this territory.
The Samara Region is a part of the Volga Federal District. Its area is 53,600 sq. km, which amounts to 0.31% of the territory of Russia; its population is 3.171 million, 80% of which are urban inhabitants. A portion of the territory of the region has the status of a near-border territory owing to its proximity to Kazakhstan.
The Saratov Region is a part of the Volga Federal District. Its area is 100 thousand sq. km, its population amounts to 2.6 million. The region is situated in the Moscow time zone.
Udmurtia was established in 1920. Its area amounts to 42 thousand sq. km, its population – to 1.5 million. It is situated in the Moscow +1 time zone. The official languages are the Russian language and the Udmurt language.
The Ulyanovsk Region was established in 1943. Its area amounts to 37,300 square kilometers, its population - to 1.3 million. The region is situated in the Moscow time zone.